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There can be “no exceptions” or “wishfulness” to the extent of the ban, said Han Chen, manager of the international energy policy program at the Natural Resources Defense Council. “Something [Japanese] Ministries interpret it to mean that you can have plants with lower emissions. “
Whether Germany can commit to an earlier coal exit will also be revealing, said Steve Herz, senior lawyer and international climate advisor at the Sierra Club. In recent years, Germany has invested a lot of political capital in the arduous efforts of civil society groups, trade unions, energy suppliers and local governments to broker a coal phase-out by 2038. But the European Commission’s tightened climate targets and the April Constitutional Court ruling that the country’s climate targets that future generations do not adequately protect will likely bring this coal period forward, he said.
Tariffs on CO2 intensity of imported goods are likely to emerge at the summit, although they are not on the official agenda, especially after the draft EU mechanism to adjust CO2 limits leaked last week.
CO2 tariffs are an emerging international front in the climate area, as the EU is striving to put its manufacturers on a more balanced basis with foreign competitors who want to deliver goods there but do not have emission reduction regulations in their home countries – and not you don’t have to Pay increasingly expensive loans on the EU’s CO2 market.
Biden has also taken on the problem and called for a CO2 border tax during last year’s campaign. But his Special Envoy for the President’s Climate, John Kerry, has warned the EU against this approach the US has given the high chances of getting Congress to pass a carbon price that is in line with the European system. would be difficult to achieve.
“It’s a delicate point between the United States and Europe,” said Samantha Gross, director of the Brookings Institution’s energy security and climate initiative.
Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has begun investigating what a carbon tariff would mean for its manufacturers, said Jane Nakano, a senior fellow in the energy security and climate change program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Kerry has also said that the US is looking into the effects of a carbon tariff. A draft EU statement for a US summit next week, obtained by POLITICO, identified a shared desire to “address the risk of carbon leakage” when heavy emission industries relocate to areas with more permissive climate regulations.
While both the EU and US have better understood their different political realities on carbon tariffs since the early days of the Biden administration, there are still few simple solutions, Nakano said.
“My reading is that the Biden team doesn’t necessarily start with this set of issues – all of the climate-related trade issues. It’s another tough job, ”she said.
The G-7 is also offering nations a chance to vote on their messages on the climate before moving on to next month’s G-20 finance ministers meeting, which will examine China’s role on issues such as foreign coal funding, continued domestic coal expansion, and the allegations Forced labor in the supply chain for solar panels will play a major role.
“China is not particularly susceptible to pressure from … developed countries, but it cares what developing countries think,” said Peter Betts, a former UK and EU chief climate negotiator who is now an associate fellow at Chatham House in a media call. “And it’s pretty hard to ask developing countries to put pressure on China.”
The G-7 countries are already drawing the battle lines on coal financing, Herz said. Recent announcements from South Korea and Japan – if true to the spirit of the ministerial communiqué – would isolate China as a public lender of last resort for coal, putting a reputational risk to China’s ability to be climate leadership.
“A whole constellation of topics related to a self-confident China will of course be on the agenda,” said Herz. “But when it comes to the climate, [the G-7 nations] will take the opportunity to push [China]. “
Jacopo Barigazzi contributed to this report.